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Author Guidelines

Submit articles to the following address

Editor in chief Jurnal Neuroanestesi Indonesia (JNI), Ruang Tutorial anestesi lantai 5 Jalan Prof. Eijkman No. 38 Bandung 40161 Indonesia

Published articles must adhere to the following criteria: The final manuscript must not be a previously published manuscript in other national journals. The manuscript in scientific proceedings may be submitted after gaining clearance from the proceeding’s committee.


Research Articles

Original research articles in neuroanesthesia and critical care. Research articles consist of: Title in Indonesian and English, abstract in Indonesian and English, introduction, subjects and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, and references.

Case Reports

Case reports consist of interesting clinical cases in neuroanesthesia and critical care. Case reports consist of title in Indonesian and English, abstract in Indonesian and English, introduction, case report, discussion, conclusion, and references.

Literature Review

Literature review consist of topics in neuroanesthesia and critical care. Literature review consists of title in Indonesian and English, abstract in Indonesian and English, introduction, literature review, conclusion, and references.

Article Writing

Research Abstract:

Consists of IMRAD (Introduction, Method, Result, and Discussion). Introduction consists of background and aim of the study. Discussion is followed with conclusion.

Example of Research Article Abstract

Introduction : Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a frequently occurring and serious post-surgical complication that may adversely affect quality of life and increase the burden of healthcare of the patient. The aim of this study was to observe the incidence of POCD on patients undergoing elective surgery in GBPT RSU dr. Sutomo and analyze the associated risks for such condition.

Methods: The study consisted of 50 patients aged >40 years that had received elective surgery for more than 2 hours in duration. Several cognitive assessment tests were performed pre-operatively and 7 days after surgery. Attention and memory were assessed. Possible risk factors for POCD were age, education, and duration of surgery.

Results:  The study found impairment of attention, memory, and POCD 7 days after surgery were 30%, 36%, and 52%, respectively. Cognitive tests with significant reduction of scores were repetition test, immediate recall, and paired associate learning. Logistic regression analyses found that age (p = 0.798),aw education (p = 0.921), and surgery duration (p = 0.811) was not significantly correlated with the incidence of POCD. In subgroup analyses (age group), higher percentage of POCD occurred on patients aged ≥50 years, received education for ≤6 years, and surgery duration of ≥180 minutes.

Conclusion: The incidence of cognitive dysfunction in patients receiving elective surgery in GBPT RSU dr. Sutomo were relatively high. Age, education, and surgery duration may be associated with incidence of POCD, although the association was not statistically significant.

Key words: general anesthesia, attention, post-operative cognition, memory

Case Reports Abstract: Consisted of Introduction, case, discussion, and conclusion

Example of Case Report Abstract:


Meningoencephaloceles are very rare congenital malformations in the world that have a high incidence in the population of Southeast Asia, include in Indonesia. Children with anterior meningoencephaloceles should have surgical correction as early as possible because of the facial dysmorphia, impairment of binocular vision, increasing size of the meningoencephalocele caused by increasing brainprolapse, and risk of infection of the central nervous system. In the report, we presented a case of a 9 months-old baby girl with naso-frontal encephalocele and hydrocephalus non communicant, posted for VP shunt (ventriculo-peritoneal shunt) and cele excision. Becaused of the mass, nasofrontal or frontoethmoidal and occipital meningoencephalocele leads the anesthetist to problems since the anesthesia during the operation until post operative care. Anesthetic challenges in management of meningoencephalocele, which most of the patients are children, include securing the airway with intubation with the mass in nasofrontal or nasoethmoidal with its associated complications and accurate assessment of blood loss and prevention of hypothermia

Key words: Anesthesia, difficult ventilation, difficult intubation, naso-frontal, meningoencephalocele,  pediatrics

Example of Literature Review:  Consist of introduction, literature review, and conclusion


Hemorrhagic stroke is a frightening disease with an equally low survival rate, with only 30% of patients survived 6 months after the stroke. The main etiology of intracranial bleeding are subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from aneurysms, arteriovenous malformation (AVM), or intracerebral bleeding. The incidence of intracerebral bleeding is frequently associated with hypertension, use of anticoagulant drugs or other coagulopathies, drug and/or alcohol addiction, neoplasms or amyloid angiopathy. The mortality rate in first 30 days is 50%. Hemorrhagic strokes frequently have worse outcomes compared to ischemic stroke, with the latter mortality rate was 10 – 30% in comparison with the former. Hemorrhagic stroke is characterized with severe headache, projectile vomiting, seizures, and wider range of focal neurologic deficits. Hematoma may cause lethargy, stupor, and coma. Neurologic deficit may occur from the onset of headache until coma. Early management is focused on: 1) hemodynamic and cardiac management, 2) airway and ventilation, 3) evaluation of neurologic function and need for monitoring of intracranial pressure or ventricular drainage or both.

Key words: intracranial bleeding, hemorrhagic stroke.

After the abstract, key words (about 3 – 5) are listed in alphabetical order.

Page Numbers

Case Reports              : 10-12 pages

Research Articles        : 15 pages

Literature Reviews      : 15-20 pages

Letters to the editor    : 1 page

Manuscript is typed on paper size of A4 with left and upper margin of 4 cm and right and lower margin of 3 cm, Times New Roman font with size of 12, line spacing of 1.5. Page number is given consecutively from the title page until the last page. Articles must be submitted in soft file form (1 copy of original manuscript).


Title in Indonesian and does not exceed 12 words and in English and does not exceed 10 words, authors full name and title, institution, name and address of correspondence, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address. Title of the articles must be brief, informative, and descriptive. Terminologies in foreign language is written in italics.

Abstract and Key Words

Abstracts are written in Indonesian and English with word count of less than 200 words.


Tables are organized consecutively according to the caption in the manuscript. Each tables must be given an brief and concise description so each table may independently describe different elements of the study. Tables are written in one page (does not overlap over pages). The manuscript must not exceed 6 tables.


Figures or photograph must be captioned on the bottom of the picture, containing the source of the picture or if the picture was taken independently by the author. Each figure must be given a number according to the order of appearance in the manuscript. The manuscript must not exceed 6 figures in total. If tables are present in the manuscript, the combined amount of both must not exceed 6.


Acknowledgement section is written in brief and concise manner to express gratitude on others whom may have aided in the writing of the manuscript without writing the titles of each individual.


References are written according to the Vancouver style, given a numbering according to order of appearance in the manuscript. If the authors of the given reference exceeded 6 authors, the seventh author and beyond are termed et al. The number of references must not exceed 20 references and published in the last 10 years at most. References from JAP is recommended. The main source of references are from journals, with 20% at most contain references from textbooks.


Powers WJ. Intracerebral haemorrhage and head trauma. Common effect and common mechanism of injury. Stroke 2010;41(suppl 1):S107–S110.

Qureshi A, Tuhrim  S, Broderick JP, Batjer HH, Hondo H, Hanley DF. Spontaneus intracerebral haemorrhage. N Engl J Med 2001,344(19):1450–58.

Volume with Supplementaries

Bratton S, Bullock MR, Carney N, Chestnut RM, Coplin W, Ghajar J, et al. Brain trauma foundation, american association of neurological surgeons, congress of neurological surgeons. Guidelines for the management of severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2007;24(suppl 10):S83–86.

Porter RJ and Meldrum BS. Antiseizure Drugs. Dalam: Katzung BG, Masters SB, Trevor AJ. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 11th ed., San Fransisco; McGraw Hill-Lange, 2009,399–422.

Chapters in Books

Ryan S, Kopelnik A, Zaroff J. Intracranial hemorrhage: Intensive care management. Dalam: Gupta AK, Gelb AW, eds. Essentials of Neuroanesthesia and Neurointensive Care.  Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2008, 229–36.

Rost N, Rosand J. Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Dalam:  Torbey MT, ed. Neuro Critical Care. New York: Cambridge University Press;2010,143–56.

Electronic Articles

Journal Articles in Electronic Format

Lipton B, Fosha D. Attachment as a transformative process in AEDP: operationalizing the intersection of attachment theory and affective neuroscience. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration [Online Journal] 2011 [downloaded 25 November 2011]. Available from:




Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration
    • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format (.doc, .docx, .rtf).
    • Upload the Author Form in Supplementary files (.doc or .pdf)
  2. The file must be according to Author Guidelines
  3. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

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Authors may make additional separate contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the published journal version of the work (for example, posting it to an institutional repository or publishing it in a book), with acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.

Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (for example, in institutional repositories or on their websites) before and during the submission process, as it can result in a productive exchange, as well as earlier and larger citation of the published work (See The Influence Open Access).




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Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Publication: 500000.00 (IDR)
If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

Payment can be made by Bank Transfer.