Penggunaan Lidokain Intravena untuk Adjuvan Obat Analgesik pada Operasi Bedah Saraf

Riyadh Firdaus, Aida Rosita Tantri, Teddy Kurniawan, Laksmi Senja Agusta, Fulki Fadhila, Gunawan Sukoco, Harris Putra Reza

Abstract


Nyeri merupakan suatu perasaan atau pengalaman yang bersifat subjektif yang melibatkan sensoris, emosional, dan tingkah laku yang tidak menyenangkan yang disebabkan oleh kerusakan jaringan. Manajemen nyeri pascaoperasi dinilai esensial karena akan memberikan hasil luaran yang baik pada pasien serta meningkatkan kualitas hidup pascaoperasi. Opioid merupakan obat analgesik intravena yang paling sering digunakan sebagai terapi nyeri perioperatif, namun memiliki efek samping yang kurang menyenangkan. Pengembangan dalam penggunaan obat analgesik yang lebih efektif diperlukan, salah satu adalah lidokain intravena yang memiliki efek samping yang lebih kecil dibandingkan opioid. Beberapa studi menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan lidokain sebagai obat analgesik intraoperatif memiliki efek samping minimal dan pemulihan lebih cepat. Penelitian lain juga menunjukkan penggunaan lidokain sebagai analgesik pada operasi bedah saraf memiliki efek yang cukup baik. Maka dari itu, tinjauan pustaka ini akan membahas mengenai penggunaan lidokain sebagai terapi adjuvan obat analgesik, khususnya pada operasi bedah saraf.

 

The Use of Intravenous Lidocaine as Adjuvant Analgesia in Neurosurgery

Abstract

Pain is a subjective feeling or experience involving sensory, emotional, and unpleasant behavior caused by tissue damage. Postoperative management is considered essential because it will provide excellent results for patients and improve postoperative quality of life. Opioids are intravenous analgesic drugs that are most often used as perioperative pain therapy but have unpleasant side effects. Developments in using more effective analgesic drugs are needed, one of which is intravenous lidocaine which has fewer side effects than opioids. Several studies have shown that lidocaine as an intraoperative analgesic drug has minimal side effects and faster recovery. Other studies have also shown lidocaine as an analgesic in neurosurgery surgery to have a fairly good effect. Therefore, this literature will discuss lidocaine as an adjuvant therapy, especially in neurosurgery operations.


Keywords


Obat analgesik, intravena, neuroanestesi, lidokain, nyeri

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24244/jni.v11i2.448

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